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Updated August 04, 2022

A Washington D.C. eviction notice is a legal document that a landlord uses to alert a tenant that the tenant will soon lose the right to remain on the property.

Often called a “notice to quit,” they are issued to tenants who are alleged to have broken some portion of the lease agreement, such as failing to pay rent or declining to fix a dangerous condition on the property, and are therefore not entitled to remain on the property for the duration of the lease.

By Type (9)

30-Day Notice to Quit ( Non-Payment of Rent )  – Alerts tenants that, unless they pay all owed rent within sixty (30) days of receiving this notice, the landlord may initiate the eviction process.

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30-Day Notice to Quit ( Non-Compliance ) – Gives tenants thirty (30) days to fix some violation of the lease agreement other than nonpayment of rent.

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30-Day Notice to Quit ( Month-to-Month Tenancy ) – Both tenants and landlords may end a month-to-month tenancy by providing the other party with thirty (30) days’ notice.

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30-Day Notice to Quit ( Illegal Activity ) – When the tenant commits an illegal act on the premises.

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90-Day Notice to Quit ( Personal Use and Occupancy ) – When the landlord decides to use the property for their own personal use.

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90-Day Notice to Quit ( Personal Use and Occupancy of a Contract Purchaser ) – Also known as RAD Form 13 , In the event that a landlord intends to sell the property and has identified a buyer.

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120-Day Notice to Quit ( Substantial Rehabilitation ) – Also known as RAD Form 16 , if a landlord wants to perform improvements that are so substantial that it is impossible for the tenant to live on the premises.

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180-Day Notice to Quit ( Notice of Demolition ) – Also known as RAD Form 15 , to be used if the landlord intends to demolish a structure on the property where the tenant resides.

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180-Day Notice to Quit ( Discontinuance of Housing Use ) – Also known as RAD Form 17 , if the landlord no longer intends to use the property for residential purposes.

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Table of Contents

Eviction Laws

Court Forms

Answer of Defendant – Those facing eviction may use this form to respond to a notice to quit.

Complaint for Nonpayment of Rent (Form 1-A) – A landlord may file this form with the court to begin the eviction process if the tenant has failed to pay rent.

How to Evict (Process)

Landlord and tenant matters in the District may be handled either by an attorney or by the party involved, which is known as “pro se.”

Step 1 – Download one of the following forms:

Step 2 – Fill out the form and provide it to the tenant. Landlords may post it on the property at issue, though certified mail is recommended to record the tenant’s receipt of the notice.

Step 3 – If the necessary notice period for the type of eviction has elapsed and the tenant remains on the premises, the landlord should file the complaint, Form 1-A , with the Landlord and Tenant Branch of the Civil Court Division.

  • The filing fee is $ 120 along with $ 10 for each additional defendant

Step 4 – As soon as the complaint has been filed, the landlord must serve the tenant with the eviction action. This should be done with a process server .

Step 5 – A judge in the landlord and tenant branch will set a date for a hearing. Both parties are obligated to appear and may present evidence and arguments. Landlords should expect additional procedural requirements if the tenant being evicted receives public assistance or is in the process of applying.

How to Write (Notice to Quit)

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I. D.C. Notice To Quit Date

(1) Date Of Demand. The calendar date that marks when the Landlord’s demand is formally made is required at the beginning of this notice.

II. Address The Tenant

(2) Identity Of Each Tenant. The name of every Tenant that must acknowledge and react (appropriately) to the Landlord’s demand requires production. Display each Tenant’s name precisely as it was presented in the lease that was violated or broken by the Tenant(s) on the blank line found in the first paragraph.

III. Define The Property And Lease

(3) Address Of Concerned Property. In addition to the name of each Tenant this demand is made of, the D.C. premises rented by the  Tenant(s)  must be defined with a presentation of its physical address as it was documented in the lease that was signed by the Landlord and Tenant(s).

(4) Start Date Of Lease. The start date of the lease agreement signed by the Landlord and Tenant (then violated by the Tenant) must be reproduced from the lease to this instrument. Provide the official start date for the D.C. lease for the premises listed above.

IV. Reason For Demand

(5) Nonpayment. Naturally, the violation causing this demand must be defined by the D.C. Landlord that is issuing it. Several options have been provided allowing for one or more reasons to be quickly defined. If “Nonpayment” of rent is the reason, then this notice will inform each Tenant (that is addressed above) of the ultimatum to pay the overdue rent amount or to leave the premises and remove his or her belongings with the selection of the appropriate checkbox. Notice that the statement being made by this option requires that the overdue rent and any unpaid fees both be defined by the blank spaces displayed therefore if  “Nonpayment” is selected, then Items 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10 (below) should be reviewed as well. If this is not the reason behind the D.C. Landlord’s demand then leave the “Nonpayment” checkbox unmarked and proceed to review Item 11.

(6) Past Rent. If the D.C. Tenant must pay an overdue rent amount or quit the property then, select the “Past Rent” checkbox. Additionally, furnish a production of the exact dollar amount of the unpaid rent that must be paid and time period that this overdue rent applies to.

(7) Late Fees. The overdue rent this notice concerns may have had a late fee applied. If the Landlord applied a late fee to the D.C. Tenant’s overdue rent, then select the second checkbox provided in the “Nonpayment” option. This requires that the dollar amount the D.C. Tenant must pay as late fees are recorded where requested by label. Any details defining the assessed “Late Fees” should be documented to the available area.

(8) Other Fees. If there will be “Other Fees” that the D.C. Tenant must pay with the overdue rent (and late fees) then, select the third checkbox from the “Nonpayment” option making sure to define the overdue amount and an explanation for the “Other Fees” owed by the D.C. Tenant.

(9) Total Amount Due. All fees owed by the D.C. Tenant should be added to a “Total Amount Due.” Supply this figure as the dollar amount that the D.C. Tenant must pay to comply with the Landlord’s demand.

(10) Payment Instructions. The D.C. Tenant should also be given clear instructions on how the total amount that is due should be submitted to the Landlord. Provide any relevant instructions such as the Landlord or other Payee name, the address where it can be received, the website portal where virtual currency or credit can be submitted, and the acceptable methods of payment (i.e. certified check, wire transfer, etc.).

(11) Noncompliance. If the D.C. Landlord is generating this notice in response to the Tenant’s “Noncompliance” with the conditions of the concerned lease, then select the checkbox for the second demand option. In addition to making this selection, the D.C. Tenant’s actions that have violated the lease and the required corrections the D.C. Tenant must make should be defined.

(12) Illegal Activity . If the Tenant must leave the premises and remove his or her belongings within thirty days of receiving this demand because he or she has engaged in activity that is illegal and unlawful then select the fourth demand option from this list and use the space available to define what the “Illegal Activity” is. It is strongly recommended that any evidence (i.e. CCTV footage from cameras on the property of the Tenant’s illegal activity, police reports, protection orders, or convictions) that directly relates to the reason why the Tenant(s) is being told to vacate be defined where requested.

(13) Month-To-Month Tenancy. If the Landlord is issuing this notice to inform the Tenant that a current month-to-month lease will be terminated, then the final demand option must be selected from this list.

V. Landlord Signature Requirement

(14) Landlord Signature And Date . The D.C. Landlord must sign this instrument to put this notice in effect. In addition to this signature, his or her printed name signature date should also be submitted.

(15) Landlord Contact Information. The final spaces in the signature area have been dedicated to the presentation of the Landlord’s mailing address, telephone number, and email address. These items should be considered well-monitored methods of communicating with the Landlord issuing this notice.

Affidavit Of Service For D.C. Notice

(16) Location And Date Of Server Report. The Server that delivers the D.C. Landlord’s notice will provide an account of how the Tenant(s) received the demand. This report must begin with a record of the County and bbin电竞官网官方永久 where it is made and as well as the date when the Server officially issues this declaration of service. The header of this statement shall provide the presentation area for this information. In many cases, the Notary Public serving this affidavit will seek to provide this header information especially, if he or she will display the notarization process directly in this statement made by the D.C. Server of the notice completed and signed by the Landlord above.

VI. Server bbin电竞官网官方永久ment For DC Notice

(17) Name Of D.C. Notice Server. The Party serving the D.C. Tenant(s) with the Landlord’s demand(s) must identify himself or herself in the First Article of this testimony (“I. Server”).

VII. D.C. Notice Recipient

(18) Recipient Of D.C. Landlord Demand. While a preferred method of service will be a physical delivery directly to the Tenant(s) addressed, this may not always be possible. To this end, the full name of the Individual who the Server released the notice to must be documented.

(19) Location Of Receipt. The place where the Server released the D.C. Landlord’s notice must be identified with a physical address. bbin电竞官网官方永久ment B in the Second Article shall provide an area for this production.

(20) Date And Time Of Service. Finally, the Second Article must display the calendar date and the time of day when the D.C. Landlord’s demand was released by the Server.

VIII. Delivery Status

(21) Mail. Several delivery options are displayed in this statement so that a record of how the Server delivered the notice to the D.C. Tenant(s). If this delivery occurred by “Mail” then the first delivery option must be selected by marking the corresponding checkbox.

(22) Service Used. If the D.C. Tenant was served through a mailing service, then the type of service should be indicated with a mark to the checkbox corresponding to one of the choices provided. Naturally, only one of these selections (“Standard Mail,” “Certified Mail…,” “FedEx,” “UPS,” or “Other”) may be made.

(23) Directly Served. If the D.C. Tenant was personally served or physically given the D.C. Landord’s notice then the second delivery option should be selected by the Server completing this paperwork.

(24) Served To Someone At Home. If the Server released the Landlord’s notice to a Person at the home of the D.C. Tenant(s) it addresses, then the third delivery option will need to be selected by the Server.

(25) Served To Someone At Work. The Server will have to select the fourth checkbox if he or she has delivered the concerned paperwork to Someone at the D.C. Tenant’s workplace who was not the concerned Tenant. In addition to making this selection, the full name of the Person who has taken the D.C. Landlord’s notice from the Notice Server must be documented.

(26) Leaving At Tenant Residence. The Server may have left the concerned paperwork in a highly conspicuous area at the D.C. Tenant’s residence. For instance, the Server may have securely and visibly fastened it on the front door of the D.C. Tenant’s home. If so, then the fifth delivery option must be chosen with a mark to the appropriate checkbox and the location where the notice was left must be described in the available area.

(27) Recipient Rejection. If the D.C. Tenant has refused to accept the notice when the Server attempts to give it to him or her or refused delivery by mail or courier, then the “Recipient Rejected Delivery” statement must be selected by the Server.

(28) Other Status. A final delivery option may be chosen by the Server if the above options do not accurately describe how the D.C. Tenant was served. In addition to the “Other” checkbox selection, the blank line in this option must be supplied with the exact details of how the Server delivered the notice to the D.C. Tenant.

XIV. Verification Of D.C. Notice Server

(29) Signature Verification Of D.C. Notice Server. The Server of the D.C. notice must sign then print his or her name as well as submit the date when this signature process occurs in the final area of this statement. Three distinctly labeled spaces are available for this process. If this process must be notarized, then make sure that any instructions issued by the Notary Public for this signing are adhered to.